3D Scan Conversion of CSG Models Into Distance Volumes

David Breen, Sean Mauch and Ross Whitaker, "3D Scan Conversion of CSG Models Into Distance Volumes", Proceedings of the 1998 Symposium on Volume Visualization, ACM SIGGRAPH, October 1998, pp. 7-14.

A distance volume is a volume dataset where the value stored at each voxel is the shortest distance to the surface of the object being represented by the volume. Distance volumes are a useful representation in a number of computer graphics applications. In this paper we present a technique for generating a distance volume with sub-voxel accuracy from one type of geometric model, a Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) model consisting of superellipsoid primitives. The distance volume is generated in a two step process. The first step calculates the shortest distance to the CSG model at a set of points within a narrow band around the evaluated surface. Additionally, a second set of points, labeled the zero set, which lies on the CSG model's surface are computed. A point in the zero set is associated with each point in the narrow band. Once the narrow band and zero set are calculated, a Fast Marching Method is employed to propagate the shortest distance and closest point information out to the remaining voxels in the volume. Our technique has been used to scan convert a number of CSG models, producing distance volumes which have been utilized in a variety of computer graphics applications, e.g. CSG surface evaluation, offset surface generation, and 3-D model morphing.

Last modified on September 8, 2003.