A Computational Approach to Model Interfacial Effects on the Mechanical Behavior of Knitted Textiles

D. Liu, B. Shakibajahromi, G. Dion, D. Breen and A. Kontsos, "A Computational Approach to Model Interfacial Effects on the Mechanical Behavior of Knitted Textiles," Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 85, No. 4, February 2018, paper JAM-17-1584.

Abstract:
The mechanical behavior of knitted textiles is simulated using finite element analysis (FEA). Given the strong coupling between geometrical and physical aspects that affect the behavior of this type of engineering materials, there are several challenges associated with the development of computational tools capable of enabling physics-based predictions, while keeping the associated computational cost appropriate for use within design optimization processes. In this context, this paper investigates the relative contribution of a number of computational factors to both local and global mechanical behavior of knitted textiles. Specifically, different yarn-to-yarn interaction definitions in three-dimensional (3D) finite element models are compared to explore their relative influence on kinematic features of knitted textiles' mechanical behavior. The relative motion between yarns identified by direct numerical simulations (DNS) is then used to construct reduced order models (ROMs), which are shown to be computationally more efficient and providing comparable predictions of the mechanical performance of knitted textiles that include interfacial effects between yarns.



Last modified on May 11, 2018.