Particles as Modeling Primitives for Surgical Simulation

D. House and D. Breen, ``Particles as Modeling Primitives for Surgical Simulation,'' Proceedings of 11th Annual International IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Conference, November 1989, pp. 831-832.


This paper provides the rationale and reports on progress with a new particle-based method for the mechanical modeling of complex materials such as soft biological tissues. The intent is to represent a material as a cloud of microscopic particles, whose overall mechanical characteristics arise from interactions between the particles. This approach differs in several important aspects from conventional finite element schemes, and seems especially well-suited to supporting real-time simulation models for use in surgical simulation.

Last modified on April 29, 2008.